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Serie A is one of the most storied football leagues in the world. Of the greatest footballers in history chosen by FourFourTwo magazine in , 42 players have played in Serie A, more than any other league in the world.
Serie A, as it is structured today, began during the —30 season. From to , the competition was organised into regional groups. In , due to internal crises, the FIGC changed internal settings, adding southern teams to the national division, ultimately leading to the —30 final settlement.
Torino were declared champions in the —49 season following a plane crash near the end of the season in which the entire team was killed.
The Serie A Championship title is often referred to as the scudetto "small shield" because since the —25 season, the winning team will bear a small coat of arms with the Italian tricolour on their strip in the following season.
The most successful club is Juventus with 34 championships, followed by both Milan and Internazionale , with 18 championships apiece.
From the —05 season onwards, an actual trophy was awarded to club on the pitch after the last turn of the championship.
The trophy, called the Coppa Campioni d'Italia , has officially been used since the —61 season , but between and was consigned to the winning clubs at the head office of the Lega Nazionale Professionisti.
Nineteen of the twenty clubs voted in favour of the move in an argument over television rights; the relegation-threatened Lecce had voted against the decision.
Maurizio Beretta, the former head of Italy's employers' association, became president of the new league. In April , it was announced that Serie A was selected by the International Football Association Board to test video replays, which were initially private for the —17 season , allowing them to become a live pilot phase, with replay assistance implemented in the —18 season.
For most of Serie A's history, there were 16 or 18 clubs competing at the top level. Since —05 , however, there have been 20 clubs altogether. One season —48 was played with 21 teams for political reasons.
Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;. During the season, which runs from August to May, each club plays each of the other teams twice; once at home and once away, totalling 38 games for each team by the end of the season.
Thus, in Italian football a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called the andata , each team plays once against each league opponent, for a total of 19 games.
In the second half of the season, called the ritorno , the teams play in exactly the same order that they did in the first half of the season, the only difference being that home and away situations are switched.
Since the —95 season, teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a loss. The three lowest-placed teams are relegated to Serie B.
From —06 season if two or more teams are tied in points for any place , the deciding tie-breakers are as follows:. Until —05 season , a playoff would be used to determine the champions, European spots or relegation, if the two teams were tied on points.
Any play-off was held after the end of regular season. The last championship playoff occurred in the —64 season when Bologna and Inter both finished on 54 points.
Bologna won the play-off 2—0. Prior to , many clubs competed in the top level of Italian football as the earlier rounds were competed up to on a regional basis then interregional up to Below is a list of Serie A clubs who have competed in the competition when it has been a league format 66 in total.
There are 67 teams that have taken part in 87 Serie A championships in a single round that was played from the —30 season until the —19 season. The teams in bold compete in Serie A currently.
Internazionale is the only team that has played Serie A football in every season. The logo that was introduced in , had minor change in due to the change of the logo of Telecom Italia itself.
In the past, individual clubs competing in the league had the rights to sell their broadcast rights to specific channels throughout Italy, unlike in most other European countries.
Currently, the two broadcasters in Italy are the satellite broadcaster Sky Italia and streaming platform DAZN for its own pay television networks; RAI is allowed to broadcast only highlights in exclusive from This is a list of television rights in Italy since — For the —11 and —12 seasons, Serie A clubs negotiating club TV rights collectively rather than individually for the first time since — The domestic rights for those two seasons were sold for billion to Sky Italia.
In the s, Serie A was at its most popular in the United Kingdom when it was shown on Football Italia on Channel 4 , although it has actually appeared on more UK channels than any other league, rarely staying in one place for long since Bold indicates clubs which will play in the —19 Serie A.
Unlike La Liga , which imposed a quota on the number of non-EU players on each club, Serie A clubs could sign as many non-EU players as available on domestic transfer.
During the s and s, most Serie A clubs signed a large number of players from foreign nations both EU and non-EU members. But since the —04 season, a quota has been imposed on each of the clubs limiting the number of non-EU, non-EFTA and non-Swiss players who may be signed from abroad each season,  following provisional measures  introduced in the —03 season, which allowed Serie A and B clubs to sign only one non-EU player in the summer transfer window.
In the middle of the —01 season, the old quota system was abolished, which no longer limited each team to having more than five non-EU players and using no more than three in each match.
The number of non-EU players was reduced from in —03 season to in —07 season. The rule underwent minor changes in August ,  June ,  June Since the —09 season, three quotas have been awarded to clubs that do not have non-EU players in their squad previously only newly promoted clubs could have three quotas ; clubs that have one non-EU player have two quotas.
Those clubs that have two non-EU players, are awarded one quota and one conditional quota, which is awarded after: Clubs with three or more non-EU players, have two conditional quotas, but releasing two non-EU players as free agent, will only have one quota instead of two.
Large clubs with many foreigners usually borrow quotas from other clubs that have few foreigners or no foreigners in order to sign more non-EU players.
On 2 July , the above conditional quota reduced back to one, though if a team did not have any non-EU players, that team could still sign up to three non-EU players.
Unlike UEFA, Serie A at first did not cap the number of players in first team squad at 25, meaning the club could employ more foreigners by increasing the size of the squad.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Italian football league. For other uses, see Serie A disambiguation.
List of Italian Football Championship clubs. List of Serie A broadcasters. List of Italian football champions.
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April — May Archived from the original on 18 December IT - Dalla 'paziente' Juventus al Napoli 'esaurito': Retrieved 10 June Its headquarters are in Florence.
On 25 May the Lega Pro assembly unanimously approved the return to the original name of the competition to Serie C.
A third division above the regional leagues was first created in Italy in , when fascist authorities decided to reform the major championships on a national basis, increasing the number of teams participating by promoting many regional teams from the Third Division Terza Divisione to the Second Division Seconda Divisione.
These leagues did not last long; after another reform they were disbanded between and Some bigger clubs who owned large pitches with dimensions of x60 metres were promoted to the First Division Prima Divisione ; a league defined and structured as the "National Championship".
The Second Division had no relegations to regional leagues as most were reelected at the beginning of each new season.
Once a critical threshold was reached the Italian federation decided to close the two leagues and move all teams to the "Direttori Regionali" Regional Committees so that the labour-intensive job of organisation was delegated to more efficient and organised regional staff.
The most successful teams coming from the Second Divisions in 5 years from to composed 6 ever growing sections of the First Division Prima Divisione which at the beginning had just a few teams in just one section from southern Italy.
This championship was organized by the same league governing Serie A and Serie B the "Direttorio Divisioni Superiori" , even if, as opposed to the two higher divisions, it was structured in local groups with geographical criteria.
The number of clubs belonging to the Prima Divisione continued to increase every year, until FIGC decided to rename it as "Serie C" at the beginning of the season while a subsequent large reduction in led to the creation of a sole national division in The reform that created the actual league was decided by Bruno Zauli in as he built on the incomplete work started by the former president Ottorino Barassi to make professional football fully recognised and organised.
While Lega Calcio had a stated mission of organising professional and national divisions, the new Lega Nazionale Semiprofessionisti based in Florence had to regulate the two semiprofessional and subnational divisions: Serie C and Serie D , with the first one adopting a format of three groups of 20 teams each.
In the semiprofessional sector was abolished; Serie D became an amateur section while Serie C was divided into two professional divisions Serie C1 and Serie C2 , and the league changed its name to Lega Professionisti Serie C.
On 20 June the league was restructured and took its current name Lega Italiana Calcio Professionistico. This is the league structure currently in operation; comprising 60 teams that are divided geographically in three groups of 20 each.
At the end of each season, four teams are promoted to Serie B three group winners, plus one coming from a promotion playoff involving the three group runners-up.
Meanwhile, nine teams are relegated to Serie D: